A popular fish, the Oscar has a character that you will always appreciate. Let’s discover him together! Astronotus ocelatus is a tropical freshwater fish native to South America. He can be found along the Amazon river from Peru to Brazil. He takes he’s name from the small circle, which is on this tail. The Oscar is part of the family of very large cichlids. With 35 cm in adulthood needless to say that his aquarium will have to be a substantial size. He has an ovoid body and it’s natural color is brown with beige spots. But several colors from artificial selection exist. His average life expectancy is around 15 years, and his growth is very fast. This is to be taken into account if you decide to keep them at home. It’s a gregarious fish that must live in groups of 2 to 6 individuals. An aquarium between 600 and 1000 liters is a minimum to maintain them. Big eater and big polluters, so the filtration must be impressive to keep water healthy. The decoration of the aquarium will be limited most often with rocks and roots, because the Oscars are real bulldozers, plants do not often resist their attentions. Territorial fish like all cichlids, finding him roommates can be complicated. Good hunter, he engulfs any fish smaller than himself, and slower than him. He’s not very aggressive but just voracious. I recommend that you keep them in a specific aquarium. Scalar and Discus, small school fish and African cichlids will not survive with them. The Oscars are omnivorous with a carnivorous tendency. They particularly appreciate the living food. Big and greedy he spends his time looking for food, and claiming from his owner. You can give them pellets for large cichlids, worms, raw pieces of fish. It’s a tropical fish so it needs a water heated between 24 and 28 degrees celcius. A slightly acid pH between 6 and 7, and a water between 5 and 10 ° GH. The reproduction of the Oscar is not easy to obtain because it’s impossible to differentiate males and females. If a couple is detached from the group then just isolate them in a fish tank heated to 28°C to obtain eggs. Parents protect eggs and fry. So they become extremely aggressive with other fish, hence the need to isolate them.
Today we are going to talk to you a little bit about Oscars. So as you can see here, this Oscar is really big and we are going to teach you how to grow your own monster oscar and how to properly care for him Hey everyone how are you doing you have Mike and Sierra here and today we are going to talk to you about Oscars Yeah so they are beautiful fish. you see them all the time super common but one of those fish that highly abused in the hobby. So we want to get out some great information to make sure you can grow your own monster fish and have them live with you for a very long time. So one of the first things about Oscars that bad advice that is given about Oscars is the tank size that they should be kept in. They require a fairly big tank, at the absolute minimum a 75, and that’s kinda pushing it,you can get away with it for a small fish but in their juvenile stages they will grow up to an inch per month for the first 7 to 9 moths they slow down a bit but they are fast growers. They do need space in order to reach their full potential So tat is why we say to keep them in a 125 or a 180-gallon tank.
As you will see here from this first fish we are showing you is a 14-inch tiger oscar 4 years old and he is not done growing. So as you can see this fish could never live in a 55 gallon tank where its only 12 wide wide. The rule of thumb is usually 75% fish to tank ratio. so your fish should have 25% extra space to turn around in the tank. So what you want to do is make sure your tank is a little bit bigger . So a 75 and a 125 come in is that extra 2 feet swim space It will allow them to be a bit more active 18 inches better. overall it will give them healthier happier life because they will have that extra space to enjoy their tank and thrive. We are going to take you here over to the next tank, this tank here has 2 fish in it one male and one female, The one female has pits from hole in the head diseases This fish here was a rescue about 3 years ago. Oscars are more susceptible to getting Hole in the head or other diseases if they are not being cared for properly and especially stress for poor water conditions or just being kept in a smaller tank.
with your pairs you want to make sure they have more room. during breeding time the males can get a little aggressive, your female may need some room to get away, so she is comfortable. So the next thing we should talk about is the diet of Oscars what should we feed our Oscars. Oscars are omnivorous they do require a good amount of veggies and fruit in their diet. Naturally in their river systems that stuff falls in and they eat it from plants algae or fruits falling into the water. you want to make sure you are feeding them more than just meat or fish proteins. Make sure you use a good quality pellet. , so maybe you may try feeding a veggie pellet one day and a cichlid pellet another day. you want to make sure you are feeding whole high-quality ingredients . If you did want to go a little bit out of the box and feed live foods, try something like meal worms, giant black worms, crickets or maybe some fresh fish or shrimp. But do not over feed them when they get bigger their metabolism slows down and they don’t need to eat as much they don’t need to eat as much In the wild these fish would not be eating everyday in the wild. That is one thing you want to think about.
Overfeeding can lead to other health problems I might not be something that you are going to see right away but I won’t live to its full potential Like Mike said they don’t eat everyday in the wild. Skipping a day every now and then is fine. With live feeders, you really want to avoid anything like goldfish, minnows if possible just avoid them all together they don’t provide them with any real nutrition So what we want to do now is show you the last tank here, This is a 265 gallon community tank with 2 Oscars in it. There is a tiger and Latino Oscar. The girl is 11 inches and she is the tank boss. She is 11 inches long, so not as long but very tall and girthy fish, absolutely beautiful,though. the Latino Oscar is about a year old, he is also a rescue so its is possible that he may not get as large. as he could have been but he coming along If you go back to our monster fish room tour you will see him in that video when he was just a little guy. So with Oscars, they are big fish and produce a lot of waste, in order to keep down nitrates, you need massive filtration on the tank. That’s why we push for a bigger tank as that will help with that. You want to make sure you have heavy filtration to keep up with that. Just as a point here for the 265 there is 2 fx6 canisters filters as well as a fillstar xpxl all of the other tanks are filtered this way as well. on the other tank they have 2 fillstar xpxls and ac110s on each of the tanks as well We hope that we were able to give you some good information here if you decide you want to step into the Oscar world. So thank you very much for watching , you have yourself a great day