Top 10 facts and care guide for gourami fishes
I am going to tell you something about the gourami fishes. I had a dwarf kissing gourami in my aquarium and you know it was a calm, bit shy and interactive fish. It always comes in front when I approach the aquarium however becomes shy after I touch the glass. Due to some change in the water condition in my house well before the beginning of the rain the small gourami I had died, I did my best to save it but it was too late. So if you are also keeping gourami fish I may want to warn you that these fishes are pH and temperature sensitive and also are concerned about the type of tank mates it has. In this video I will discuss about the Top 10 facts and caring guide for gourami fishes.
Number 1, Origin of Gourami. The name gourami is from Japanese origin, but the fish is native to Asia, that is from Pakistan and India to the Malay Archipelago and north-easterly towards Korea. They belong to class of finned ray fishes and some of their species can grow to very large sizes. Gourami’s have a lung-like labyrinth organ that could enable them to gulp air and use atmospheric oxygen. This organ is a vital innovation for fishes that often inhabit warm, shallow, oxygen-poor water.
Number 2, Nature of Gourami. Since I told you that there are both smaller and bigger species of gourami. There are shy and highly aggressive variants as well. Some species of gourami, mostly combed tail gourami’s are highly aggressive and may kill other less aggressive or relatively smaller fishes while species called Parosphromenus are shy and have specific water requirements and may be out competed by other community fishes.
Number 3, Gourami’s Living Environment. They need calm and non-aggressive environment, their substrate could be neutral color with fine to medium size gravels are preferable. The temperature of tank should be around 24 to 26 Celsius that is 74-79 F. Gourami fishes prefer slightly acidic or relatively soft water chemistry. You should plant some aquatic plants like Cryptocoryne, or sturdy vegetation such as Java Fern and Vallisneria, in the aquarium in which you keep gourami fishes. Dwarf Gourami need specific water conditions and it was probably the reason why I lost my kissing gourami as water condition was bad for it.
Number 4, Tank mates. Gourami’s can be kept with similar sized fishes such as danios, mollies, silver dollars, and small plecostomus catfish. Though they are considered calm fishes but can become aggressive due to crowding or territorial issues and two males can fight if sufficient space is not provided so needs bigger tank to ease off the aggression and make their own territory. They also mostly known to attack smaller or long finned fishes.
Number 5, Types of Gourami. There are various varieties of gourami specially the dwarf gourami are of various types like the Flame dwarf gourami, dwarf gourami, neon dwarf gourami, three spot gourami, pearl gourami, powder blue gourami, honey dwarf gourami, samurai gourami, opaline dwarf gourami, chocolate gourami, banded gourami, sparkling gourami, moonlight gourami, the kissing gourami etc. There are also gourami getting to large sizes called giant gourami which has a record of reaching 28 inches in length.
Number 6, Taming a Gourami Fish. Gourami are very interactive and they can turn very aggressive as well. So for giant gourami approach with caution and if they are coming very friendly then you can play with them otherwise they can bite you. Though they don’t have sharp teeth but still it can hurt you. For small dwarf gourami you can feed them and try to train those like dogs but the chance of it being friendly towards you are slim. But the gourami can get close and do some interactive acts and then runs away so it’s incumbent on you to get their intentions and find ways to obey you and that’s common for all fishes.
Number 7, Identifying Gender. It is easy but bit tricky to find the gender of gourami. Females usually have a more rounded dorsal and anal fins the ones that run along the spine and along the bottom, while males have more pointed fins. Also female appears slightly swell up and shows distinctive color unlike male depending on its species.
Number 8, Feeding Gourami. As for gourami they eat anything but varying the diet to a combination of dry, frozen and fresh live foods will provide a balanced diet. Before breeding try feeding vegetables such as lettuce, cooked peas and even spinach is considerable. Also live foods like brine shrimps, glass worms and black worms can also be fed. Feeding is also important before transferring the male and female to breeding tank to ensure their good health.
Number 9, Breeding of Gourami. All Gourami are egg layers and build bubble nests for spawning and raising their young ones. Once male and female gourami are selected they are placed in the normal tank with subdued light and water below six inches is sufficient. The tank should have hiding places to avoid serious cuts if the male turns aggressive or adding second female could also distract the aggressive male. Also some plants are kept floating for the males to build the bubble nest or Styrofoam sheets are also used instead. The water temperature should be slightly increased before spawning and water movement should be lowered to keep intact the water bubble nest.
Number 10, Caring Gourami Fry. When female lays eggs it may be in numbers of hundreds or even thousands which may be carried to the bubble nest by male or left distributed in the tank. After the eggs are released the female should be removed from the tank as she may try to eat the eggs. The male should be left in the tank and it should take care of the eggs until they become free swimming young fry after which the male can also be removed. This happens in several weeks and also fry are very sensitive to temperature shifts and it is necessary to make sure they have optimal temperature. Feed them liquid fish food like rotifers or infusoria both of which may be available in your local fish stores. Feed it about six times a day and after six to seven days feed them baby brine shrimp. Do water changes as in normal tanks and avoid losing the fry during these water changes. After the fish have grown to a bigger size they can be sold to buyers or local stores. And that’s it for this video I hope you liked it give it a like and subscribe for upcoming videos. Also connect or follow me on social networks links to all this is in video description. Until next time bye and take care and thanks for watching.
In this video tutorial we are talking about Trichogaster commonLy called Dwarf Gourami or Colisa. It belongs to the Osphronemidae family and comes from the swampy areas of Thailand and Malaysia. Gourami are the most common fish in the tanks of the enthusiast prized for their beautiful colors, for adaptability to different water parameters and the ease with which they reproduce. Presents a very compressed body to the sides and has an ovaloid shape, has a fairly small mouth, the dorsal and anal fins are oval shaped and large, the caudal fin is delta, with rounded corners, the ventral fins are threadlike and very mobile serve both as taste receptors that as tactile organs.
The livery varies from species to species and is blue and red or green and yellow brown with pearl shades has olso vertical stripes or dots. The most commonly species are: Trichogaster Chuna ,Trichogaster Fasciata, thick-lipped gourami, Dwarf Gourami, Trichogaster Trichopterus, Trichogaster Trichopodus, Trichogaster leeri. They possess an accessory respiratory organ known as the labyrinth organ that allows them to breathe air from the surface and also absorb oxygen were there is a shortage. They are jumpers so we suggest they are put in closed tanks. Also for the humidity and heat which is very healthy for these fish.
The life expectancy of a Gourami is 3/8 years. They are a peaceful fish and live well in a 70/80 liter community tank with other Asian fish. Intra-specific relationships are less good. The males can otherwise stand and fight frequently with each other if the aquarium is not big enough. Recommended fish for coexistence:Brachidanio and Rasbora, Corydoras, Rineloricaria loaches. They cannot coexist with cichlids. The tank should be planted and have caves and floating plants to avoid fighting and to provide the construction of the nest. They need a good filtration system or frequent water changes because they cannot bear the presence of nitrites. Moderate water flow and light not too high.
The male is very colorful while the female is less attractive, often gray-silver. Also the belly is rounder and the rear edge of the dorsal fin is less pointed. It is a oviparous fish and depending on the species using the oral incubation or lay in open waters and release the floating eggs or nests of bubbles. They are omnivorous and accept dry flakes pellets and flakes, brine shrimp, mosquito larvae and bloodworms, spinach and boiled vegetables such as lettuce cucumbers and zucchini Price to buy about 10/15 dollars. For the proper management of the water values as pH GH and Temperature for increase alimentation and fish care acquaintances from fry breeding to disease prevention. I invite you to click on the English playlist “acquascaping and technical advice.” Thank you for watching this video tutorial. Write a comment for any question and click on like .Subscribe on Aquascaping lab channel for other video and news